Halkidiki is located in Central Macedonia and joins the Aegean Sea in a way that only nature could design. Geomorphological is the most characteristic part of the northern coast of the Aegean. It is a peninsula that ends in three oblong peninsulas, parallel to each other, Kassandra in the west, Sithonia in the middle and Mount Athos in the east, the “legs of Chalkidiki” as they are called.
Halkidiki often referred to Greek mythology, to Kassandra is buried the giant of earthquakes, Enceladus. The Athos formed by a rock thrown against the Gods by the namesake Giant, and Sithonia owns its name to Sithonas, son of Poseidon. Apolithomena remains elephantoid and other species that have been found in Nikiti and have been traced to Boiled in Triglia etc. witness another era, which probably never saw mankind. Fossilized remains of elephantoid and other species that have been found in Nikiti and have been traced to Vrasta in Triglia etc. witness another era, which probably never seen by the mankind. Also, the findings in the Cave of Petralona proved that human presence here is more than 700,000 years, while the archanthropus skull is estimated to be 200,000 years old. Establishments of an organized society in Halkidiki are dated from 4000 BC and the oldest inhabitants were Thracians and Pelasgians. In the 8th century. B.C. numerous residents arrived in the area, mainly from Halkida. In 348 BC Philip incorporated this area in the Macedonian Kingdom. In Hellenistic times three major cities were founded: Kassandria (315), Ouranoupolis (315) and Antigoneia (280 BC in the middle of Kalamaria). In 168 BC passed to the hands of the Romans and declines as all its cities come under the control mainly of Roman merchants.
During the Christian centuries underwent many disastrous intrusions such as the Goths (269), the Huns (6th c.) and the Catalans (1307). In the 9th century is organized the monastic state of Mount Athos. In 855 Basil I the Macedon with golden seal set “hereinafter the monks will live silent and calm” to the end of the century. During the 10th century a crowd of monastery founders gathers in Karyes. In 963 is built the monastery of M. Laura and then the other 19 monasteries. Since then the Saint State represents a unique world. Place of mystery, hard exercising and spiritual orientation, managed to preserve their valuable treasure, to cultivate the Greek Christian education and to assist in saving the national consciousness to difficult for the nation ages. In the mid-14th century a large part of Halkidiki was annexed to the Serbian state, whereas before the enslavement to the Turks, Kassandra and other coastal areas were under the Venetians. In 1430 it conquered by the Turks and became part of the sanjak of Thessaloniki / win. In the late 18th century all regions recording growth (increase in cereal production, sericulture, animal husbandry). Because of this prosperity, the coastal villages faced many pirate raids. The Gate in 1775 entrusts the exploitation of silver mines in 12 large villages to Mantemochoria – the “Common of Mademia” – and thus created an extensive mining partnership with his own communal administration.
Beauties – Attractions
It is a place blessed and gifted with rare beauty. It combines the amazing blue sea and the green of the land. Magnificent alternations of rocks, coastline, hill, sand, pine, bay, mountain are shocking the visitor and encourage him to stay to enjoy the coolness of the transparent sea and revitalized to the wonderful shade of forests. Guests can enjoy lacy beaches! Breathtaking! Endless! countless! White sand, crystal clear turquoise waters that are awarded each year with the most blue flags, pine trees to the coast! A unique marine environment and beautiful mountain landscapes in the interior! Traditional villages, trails and hikes! Chalkidiki offers all combinations desired by the traveler and the tourist. Relaxing holidays and cosmopolitan life! Modern tourist infrastructure! Traditional Macedonian cuisine and famous local products! Oil, wine, honey! And of course fresh fish and seafood! The options are many, entertainment programs, guided tours, special hiking paths programs, visits to archaeological sites and traditional villages, as well as many cultural events organized throughout the summer. Festivals make up a top cultural event that attracts famous bands from Greece and around the world every year.
At the same time, the cosmopolitan Chalkidiki and the enchanting nightlife with hundreds of clubs, bars and beach – bars, compose with their contrasts with the picturesque and serene natural environment, an ” other Halkidiki “ becoming and entertainment attraction for every age.
In the major centers of the prefectures of Polygyros, Moudania, Kassandria, Arnea, Ierissos, N.Kallikratia, Marmaras and Nikiti visitors can find various shops to cover the daily purchasing needs. The largest shopping center in the region is the one to Moudania, but in any tourist area you can find shops of local products.
Mount Athos is the only living Byzantine Culture Museum in the world. Entry is allowed only to men, but everyone can visit it from the sea with fishing boats and luxury yachts on daily cruises that are organized.